I have the honour to speak on behalf of the Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and my own country, Sweden.
At the outset, I would like to thank Pakistan for this initiative and clearly state that we the Nordic countries share the basic premises of the concept note, and fully agree with the notion that a multidimensional approach is key to building lasting peace.
I will focus my statement on three main issues related to the topic of today’s debate; multidimensional operations, coordination and coherence, and financing.
Multidimensional peacekeeping operations help to provide for a strong link between peacekeeping and peacebuilding. But a multidimensional approach also puts new demands on the missions.
There is a need to train police and military personnel to operate in multidimensional settings to ensure that the UN will have “the right person, in the right place at the right time”. Efforts should be directed at strengthening peacekeepers’ capacity to create an enabling environment for peace-building activities which include such critical areas as SSR, rule of law and human rights. The Global Focal Point could be an important contributor to achieve these objectives.
In addition to police and military personnel, missions need stronger civilian capabilities. We fully support the Secretary General’s initiative to respond to the increasing demands for civilian personnel. In this context, the creation of CAPMATCH is a very important step forward.
We commend the UN Secretariat and the CIVCAP team for the success of getting this new system for mobilizing civilian capabilities from both the Global South and the Global North working, and we hope that it will continue that way. We also encourage the Secretariat to continue the efforts to improve the gender balance of the staff, including in leadership positions.
The UN must “deliver as one”, including in a mission setting where there needs to be a very close integration between the UN Country Team and the peacekeeping mission, especially on planning and implementing civilian tasks. There should also be a stronger focus on coordination and coherence with other actors in the field such as regional organizations, International Financial Institutions and bilateral partners. Finding pragmatic ways to operate in close coordination, building on each one’s comparative advantages, is key. The “joint ventures” in the Liberian context, with UNPOL and bilateral partners, is a useful example of how this can be done.
Such an integrated approach also allows the Security Council to achieve its goals without overloading the peacekeeping missions with tasks others may be better equipped to carry out in the peacebuilding area. In this regard we encourage closer cooperation between the Council and the country configurations of the Peacebuilding Commission.
Finally, on financing. Proper resourcing is important. The elaboration of mandates in the Security Council cannot be de-linked from debates about budget in other fora, and it is essential in the context of ensuring a smooth transition from peacekeeping to peacebuilding and long term development. In his 2013 report to the Special Committee on Peacekeeping, the Secretary General emphasizes the need to ensure sustained international support in the transition phase. The Nordic countries believe that this is crucial to reach relevant end states.
In all these efforts, nothing is more important than the role of the host country. To reach the desired end states in UN missions, a broad national ownership is of vital importance. Good political leadership is essential and accountability is key for success.